Maslow’s Self Actualization

A. H. Maslow’s Motivations and Gratifications of Self-Actualizing

People – (Characteristics of the Psychologically Healthy Individual)

Delight in bringing about justice.

Delight in stopping cruelty and exploitation.

Fighting lies and untruths.

They love virtue to be rewarded.

The seem to like happy endings, good completions.

They hate sin and evil to be rewarded and they hate people to get away with it.

They are good punishers of evil.

They try to set things right, to clean up bad situations.

They enjoy doing good.

They like to reward and praise promise, talent, virtue, etc.

They avoid fame, publicity, glory, honors, popularity, celebrity, or at least do not seek it.  It seems to be not awfully important one way or another.

They do not need to be loved by everyone.

They generally pick out their own causes, which are apt to be few in number, rather than responding to advertising or to campaigns or to other people’s exhortations.

They tend to enjoy peace, calm, quiet, pleasantness, etc. and they tend not to like turmoil, fighting, war, etc. They are not general fighters on every front, and they can enjoy themselves in the middle of a “war.”

They also seem practical and shrewd and realistic about it, more often than impractical.  They like to be effective and dislike being ineffectual.

Their fighting is not an excuse for hostility, paranoia, grandiosity, authority, rebellion, etc. but is for the sake of setting things right.  It is problem – centered.

They manage somehow simultaneously to love the world as it is, and to try to improve it.

In all cases there was some hope that people and nature and society could be improved.

In all cases it was as if they could see both good and evil realistically.

They respond to the challenge in a job.

A chance to improve the situation or the operation is a big reward.  They enjoy improving things.

Observations generally indicate great pleasure in their children, and in helping them grow into good adults.

They do not need or seek or even enjoy very much flattery, applause, popularity, status, prestige, money, honors, etc.

Expressions of gratitude, or at least their good fortune, are common.

They have a sense of noblesse oblige.  It is the duty of the superior, of the one who sees and knows, to be patient and tolerant as if with children.

They tend to be attracted by mystery, unsolved problems, by the unknown and the challenging, rather than to be frightened by them.

The enjoy bringing about law and order in the chaotic situation, or in the messy or confused situation, or in the dirty and unclean situation.

They hate (and fight) corruption, cruelty, malice, dishonesty, pompousness, phoniness and faking.

They try to free themselves from illusions, to look at the facts courageously, to take away the blindfold.

They feel it is a pity for talent to be wasted.

They do not do mean things, and they respond with anger when other people do mean things.

They tend to feel that every person should have an opportunity to develop to his highest potential, to have a fair chance, to have equal opportunity.

They like doing things well, “doing a good job” “to do well what needs doing.”  Many such phrases add up to “bringing about good workmanship.”

One advantage to being the boss is the opportunity to give away the corporation’s money, to choose which good causes to help.  They enjoy giving their own money away to causes they consider important, good, worthwhile, etc.  Pleasure in philanthropy.

They enjoy watching and helping the self-actualizing of others, especially of the young.

They enjoy watching happiness and helping to bring it about.

They get great pleasure from knowing admirable people (courageous, honest, effective, “straight,” “big,” creative, saintly, etc.).  “My work brings me in contact with many fine people.”

They enjoy taking on responsibilities (that they can handle well), and certainly don’t fear or evade their responsibilities.  They respond to responsibility.

They uniformly consider their work to be worthwhile, important, even essential.

They enjoy greater efficiency, making an operation more neat, compact, simpler, faster, less expensive, turning out a better product, doing with less parts, a smaller number of operations, less clumsiness, less effort, more foolproof, safer, more “elegant,” less laborious.


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